And on the Eighth Day
Setting the Scene
In 1925, Tennessee passed the Butler Act. The statute made it unlawful to teach any theory that denied the story of the Divine creation of man as taught in the Bible and teach instead that man descended from a lower order of animals. On May 25th, 1925 – 122 days later – a Rhea County, Tennessee grand jury indicted John T. Scopes, a Dayton, Tennessee teacher, for violating that statute. William Jennings Bryan, known across the nation for his work to stop the teaching of evolution in public schools, came to Dayton to prosecute Scopes. Clarence Darrow, a good friend and admirer of Bryan, defended Scopes.
Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan reminisce about their childhoods and how they were each led to such an important trial in American history. Mary Baird Bryan, William’s dear wife, joins in and provides more background on the growing conflict between evolution and the Bible and its impact on the separation of church and state. She recounts how Bryan traveled the country speaking to people about the dangers of evolution to faith and to the country and its way of government.
Darrow and Bryan make their way to the courtroom where Judge Raulston brings the court to order and reads the charges again John T. Scopes. Mr. Scopes is accused of teaching evolution which is against the laws of Tennessee. Darrow is there to defend him, Bryan to make the state’s case. Jurors from the local townspeople of Dayton, Tennessee are questioned and selected.
Darrow and Bryan go back and forth arguing with each other about the case, citing the Bible, each other’s speeches and works, and the law. Darrow decides that a true believer in the literal translation of the Bible needs to testify and calls Bryan to the stand.
Darrow grills Bryan on stories from the Bible. Does he believe that a fish swallowed Jonah? Did Joshua make the sun stand still? Was Eve the first woman? Where did Cain get his wife? Is it really only 4,273 years since the Flood? Bryan finds this line of questioning as nothing more than an attempt to use the court to slur the Bible. The judge asks Darrow to step down from the stand.
Darrow acknowledges that Mr. Scopes did indeed teach evolution contrary to the law of the state. Scopes is found guilty and sentenced.
No closing arguments were needed but what were they to be? Bryan gets the chance now to present his close. He acknowledges the achievements of science and the utter destruction they brought in the last war. He offers though that it is only the teachings of the meek and lowly Nazarene that can help solve the problems that confront humanity.
Darrow and Bryan, close and dear friends even though opposed to each other in this case, then continue their debate with each other about science and faith, challenging each other’s positions with both facts and beliefs.
Mary shares how her dear husband, William, so exhausted from these days of testimony, died after the last day of the trial in his hotel room. Darrow goes on to join a law firm but always remembers his dear friend and wishes him God’s blessing.
"...the play was riveting."
"...I loved the way they portrayed the Bible and story itself."
"...I liked the way they tied modern intelligent design into the story."
"...the fact that the play was really straight-forward and did not offend anyone."
Resources for Further Information and Curriculum DevelopmentLinks to Biographies
The Biography of William Jennings Bryan and Mary Baird Bryan
William Jennings Bryan on the Subject of Evolution
W. J. Bryan & the Scopes Trial
A Politician of Principle That "Great Commoner," William Jennings Bryan
The Clarence Darrow Pages
Who is Clarence Darrow by D. Linder
Clarence Darrow: The Atheist
Clarence Darrow and the Scopes Trial
Links to Essays
Mencken’s Report on THE SCOPES TRIAL
Some Original News Stories and Pictures
A Selected Bibliography
National Public Radio Features
Links to Classroom Materials: (Grades 7-University)
Scopes Trial Activity
Actual film clips are available for viewing at www.BrownUllstrup.com
Go to “8th Day/Videos” for….
• Silent clip showing Darrow examining Bryan outside courthouse, Judge Raulston delivering ruling, and scenes of courtroom (The History Channel)
• Silent clip showing Darrow and Bryan seated talking, scenes of courtroom, and scenes of Darrow and Bryan speaking during trial (Court TV, "Greatest Trials of All Time").
Days One through Eight: Trial Transcripts
Day 1 Transcript
Day 2 Transcript
Day 3 Transcript
Day 4 Transcript
Day 5 Transcript
Day 6 Transcript
Day 7 Transcript
And on the 8th Day
Bryan's Closing Argument (which he never gave)
H.L. Mencken's Account of Trial